Vitamin A is fat-soluble and can build up in the body. It is known as the
moisturising vitamin as it is essential in keeping the mucus membranes
moist. Mucus membranes line the nose, mouth, eyes, throat, rectum and
vagina. Vitamin A also helps to promote healthy bones and teeth and helps
our bodies to fight off infections. It is also vital for growth.
Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that helps the body absorb calcium, so
is vital for bone and tooth health. It has been found to have a
significant role in regulating cell growth, supporting immune function and
the production of insulin.
Vitamin E keeps the muscles, reproductive system and nerves in good
working order. It is an antioxidant that can be found in face creams.
Vitamin E also helps keep the heart healthy and is instrumental in
supplying oxygen to the body. It is known for its blood thinning ability
and has been found to be helpful for women during the menopause and
beneficial for hot flushes and sweating.
Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin essential for blood clotting. It helps
wounds to heal more quickly and is thought to be needed to build strong
Vitamin C is essential in maintaining healthy connective tissue in the
body. It speeds up cell renewal, which in turn means that wounds are able
to heal quickly. It is needed for the body to absorb iron and is an
antioxidant. It has a prominent role in detoxification and immunity. As
well as protecting the immune system, vitamin C helps the body fight off
Thiamine (also known as vitamin B1) is an important nutrient for taking
energy from food and turning it into energy for your brain, nerves and
heart. It is needed by the body to process carbohydrates, fats, and
proteins, but it is most important for how we process carbohydrates
(sugars and starches).
Riboflavin (also known as vitamin B2) plays an important role in helping
the body to break down the nutrients in food.It helps the body convert
complex carbohydrates, fats, and protein into forms that the body can use.
It also helps maintain your adrenal gland, which responds to stress and
helps maintain proper functioning of the nervous system.
Niacin (also known as vitamin B3) is involved in energy production, fatty
acid synthesis and antioxidant functions. It also helps regulate blood
glucose. Therapeutically, nicotinic acid, a form of niacin can be used to
lower cholesterol levels.
Vitamin B6 is also known as pyridoxine. It helps the body process and
release energy from proteins and fat. It is essential in ensuring that the
body gets the energy and nutrients it needs from food. It also helps the
body to form haemoglobin (the substance that carries oxygen around the
body), is key to sex hormone function and is often prescribed for
menstrual difficulties including PMT.
Folic acid (more commonly known as vitamin B9) is vital for foetal growth
and the development of healthy nerves, cells as well as protein
Vitamin B12 keeps the nervous system healthy. It helps release energy from
food and is essential in processing folic acid in the body. Vitamin B12
also helps the body manufacture red blood cells.
Biotin provides a role in contributing to normal energy-yielding
metabolism, functioning of the nervous system, macronutrient metabolism,
normal psychological function, the maintenance of hair and skin and mucus
Vitamin B5 (also known as pantothenic acid) is vital for life. It is
involved in energy production and the synthesis of hormones, fatty acids,
proteins and neurotransmitters.
Potassium is a macro mineral (needed in large quantities by the body) It
plays a central role in energy production, communication and transport of
messages across cell membrane walls. It is therefore vital for nerve
transmission and electrical signals, which control heart rhythm.
Calcium is a mineral that builds strong bones and teeth. It is
instrumental in blood clotting and regulates muscle contractions,
including the heart.
Phosphorus is a mineral that helps build strong bones and teeth. It
releases energy from food and maintains the pH balance of blood. It is
also part of myelin, which protects each nerve cell.
Magnesium is a macro mineral. It is involved in energy production, bone
health, regulation of heart rhythm, nerve transmission and muscle
Iron is a component of the molecule haemoglobin red blood cells, which is
responsible for carrying oxygen around the body.
Zinc is a mineral and is a trace element (required in small amounts by the
body). It helps wounds heal and also helps process proteins, fat and
carbohydrates from food. It is instrumental in making new cells, enzymes
and hormones in the body. Zinc also helps in sperm production and is vital
for healthy foetal growth.
Copper is an essential trace mineral necessary for survival. It is found
in all body tissues and plays a role in making red blood cells and
maintaining nerve cells and the immune system. It also helps the body form
collagen and absorb iron and plays a role in energy production.
Manganese is a trace mineral, which your body needs in small amounts. It's
required for the normal functioning of your brain, nervous system and many
of your body's enzyme systems.
Selenium is a trace element that is needed for thyroid function and
immunity. It is an antioxidant.
Chromium is a trace element that plays an important part in the metabolism
of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. It is particularly involved in blood
Molybdenum is an essential mineral in the body. It acts as a cofactor for
four enzymes that are involved in processing sulphites and breaking down
waste products and toxins in the body.
Iodine is a trace element and a component of thyroid hormones, so is vital